What Does BOTOX® Treat? A Brief Overview of Wrinkle Types

BOTOX® is a universally popular method of combating unwanted signs of facial aging. Although new and effective cosmetic alternatives are introduced each year, the drug remains a tried-and-true favorite among physicians and patients alike throughout the country. Many people are aware of the injectable’s skin-smoothing abilities, but some may not know that BOTOX® is intended specifically for wrinkles caused by muscle activity. Skin Care & Laser Physicians of Beverly Hills advises patients that the choice between a dermal filler or a wrinkle relaxer, including BOTOX® Cosmetic, from their Los Angeles-area practice depends on the types of wrinkles the patient hopes to correct.

Wrinkles can essentially be categorized as either dynamic or static. Within these two divisions, there are at least four other subtypes: expression wrinkles, elastic wrinkles, gravitation wrinkles, and compression/sleep wrinkles.

Each time we communicate different emotions through our facial expressions, the skin on the surface of the face moves along with the underlying muscles. This produces dynamic wrinkles, like those dreaded crow’s feet, forehead lines, bunny lines, and frown lines. BOTOX® is highly effective at reducing the appearance of wrinkles that form this way, because it inhibits muscle activity so that the skin appears smooth and youthful.

While static wrinkles may appear similar to dynamic wrinkles, these lines and creases are not linked to muscle motion. Static wrinkles are instead associated with volume loss from aging, sun damage, gravitational forces, environmental factors, and lifestyle habits. They can appear on the face even when the skin is not moving and usually form in aged skin that has been more severely damaged by ultraviolet radiation and a loss of collagen, hyaluronic acid, and elastin. Sometimes, dynamic wrinkles can become permanently etched into the skin, causing them to appear as static wrinkles.

Expression wrinkles are lines caused by repetitive facial expressions, from excited smiles to angry scowls. Elastic wrinkles, on the other hand, are mainly caused by sun exposure and appear on the cheeks, lips, and base of the neck. Gravitation wrinkles, as the name suggests, are folds found in saggy, wrinkled skin caused by gravity and aging. Compression wrinkles are caused by pressure from sleeping in certain positions, as well as friction from some pillowcase and sheet materials.

Ready to learn more about wrinkles, as well as what BOTOX® and other solutions can do for you? Get in touch with Skin Care & Laser Physicians of Beverly Hills by calling 310-246-0495 or sending an online message to request an appointment.

Written by Dr. Derek Jones

Dr. Derek Jones is a renowned Los Angeles and Beverly Hills area dermatologist practicing in cosmetic and general dermatology.